Fairchild-Republic-A10 - $7.00

The A-10 Thunderbolt II is an American single-seat, twin-engine, straight-wing jet aircraft developed by Fairchild-Republic for the United States Air Force to provide close air support (CAS) of ground forces by attacking tanks, armored vehicles, and other ground targets with a limited air interdiction capability. It is the first U.S. Air Force aircraft designed exclusively for close air support. MODEL NOW AVAILABLE.

Fairchild A-10 Thunderbolt II - The Warthog

Fairchild-Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II "The Warthog"

Fairchild A-10 Thunderbolt II

 

Built to attack the Warsaw Pact's main battle tanks, the Fairchild A-10 Thunderbolt II was named after a Fairchild Republic product from another era, the P-47 Thunderbolt of World War II. The twin-engined, single-seat A-10 'Warthog' showed its excellent air-to-ground capability in the unlikely setting of the Middle East during the first and second Gulf Wars, despite a proposed change of role for the A-10 in line with changes in USAF policy.

 




Fairchild A-10 Thunderbolt II 3 View

 

Fairchild-Republic's A-10 Thunderbolt II "Warthog"

Fairchild A-10 Thunderbolt IIThe second outstanding attack aircraft of the 80s is the Fairchild A-10, known to its pilots as the 'Warthog', a twin-engined single-seater with an insatiable appetite for enemy tanks. The whole aircraft is built around the massive, seven-barrelled, 30 mm rotary gun which can split a tank or similar armored vehicle into pieces with a single momentary burst. Four underwing pylons can take a total weapons load of 16,000 lb. A-10s are usually painted overall matt green with yellow blotches for camouflage at low altitudes. They carry the very latest in ECM equipment in self-contained pods.

Since the Second World War ground attack weapons have improved dramatically. The basic principle of making an armored thrust with air support may not have changed, but reaction times are faster and weapons can be delivered with frightening accuracy.

Notable among the new munitions are certain types of napalm, the retarded bomb and the cluster bomb unit (CBU). Napalm is a thickened petroleum jelly which clings to the target when it burns. It also burns up the oxygen in the area which means that it is effective against bunkers and armored vehicles. The retarded bomb has fins which reduce its speed on release so that the parent aircraft is safely beyond the target by the time it explodes. This allows fighter-bombers to drop at lower and consequently more accurate heights.

The CBU is particularly effective against 'soft' targets or men in the open. It consists of an outer bomb casing which contains 'bomblets', usually filled with metal fragments. The CBU is dropped by the attacking aircraft at low level and explodes above the ground, scattering the 'bomblets' over a wide area. They either explode on contact or remain in the ground as an anti-personnel minefield.

And unusual, highly-specialized bomb is the 'dibber', which is designed to destroy airfields. After release from the parent aircraft it is slowed down by u parachute and then fired downwards by tiny rockets to penetrate the surface of an airfield. Once into the ground it explodes, creating a massive crater that prevents any enemy aircraft from using that part of the airfield until a great deal of time-consuming repair work has been carried out.

The need for a close air support (CAS)/anti-armor was one of the lessons learned in the Vietnam conflict. The machine needed to be able to fly from rough forward airstrips, cary heavy weapon loads and withstand battle damage. Speed was not a major consideration.

 

 

Fairchild A-10 Thunderbolt II

 

Fairchild's A-10A was the design chosen to fill the 'A-X' requirement. A sturdy, somewhat heavy, single-seat attack aircraft, the A-10 was said to be too slow; it flew at subsonic speeds in an era when fast anti-aircraft missiles were rapidly appearing on the scene.

Despite this, 713 A-10s were built, and the first entered service in 1976. Units in the continental US, Alaska, Europe and Korea were equipped with the type. However, the end of the Cold War meant that this specialist aircraft was no longer a vital requirement, and it was to be replaced by the Lockheed Martin F-16.

Surplus A-10s began to take over from the well-worn Rockwell OV-10 Broncos in the forward air control (FAC) role, with a number being re designated OA-10A without undergoing any modifications, apart from changes to cockpit lighting to make them compatible with NVG equipment.

More than 100 A-10s were committed to the 1991 Gulf War and performed admirably in the air-to-ground and FAC roles.

 

Fairchild A-10 Thunderbolt II

 

 



A-10 Thunderbolt II

Fairchild A-10 Thunderbolt II

The A-10 Thunderbolt II is an American single-seat, twin-engine, straight-wing jet aircraft developed by Fairchild-Republic for the United States Air Force to provide close air support (CAS) of ground forces by attacking tanks, armored vehicles, and other ground targets with a limited air interdiction capability. It is the first U.S. Air Force aircraft designed exclusively for close air support.

The A-10's official name comes from the Republic P-47 Thunderbolt of World War II, a fighter that was particularly effective at close air support. The A-10 is more commonly known by its nickname "Warthog" or simply "Hog". As a secondary mission, it provides airborne forward air control, guiding other aircraft against ground targets. The A-10 is expected to be replaced by the F-35 in 2028 or later. A-10s used primarily in this role are designated OA-10.

 

 

Background

Criticism that the U.S. Air Force did not take close air support seriously prompted a few service members to seek a specialized attack aircraft. In the Vietnam War, large numbers of ground-attack aircraft were shot down by small arms, surface-to-air missiles, and low-level anti-aircraft gunfire, prompting the development of an aircraft better able to survive such weapons. In addition, the UH-1 Iroquois and AH-1 Cobra helicopters of the day, which USAF commanders had Fairchild A-10 Thunderbolt IIsaid should handle close air support, were ill-suited for use against armor, carrying only anti-personnel machine guns and unguided rockets meant for soft targets. The F-4 Phantom II was pressed into close air support, but usually in emergencies, as its high cruising speed and fuel consumption hindered its ability to loiter. The lack of a gun on most F-4 variants, coupled with the relative ineffectiveness of the standard 20 mm round on M61 Vulcan-equipped F-4Es against hard targets, made strafing runs either impossible or ineffective.

A-X

On 6 March 1967, the U.S. Air Force released a Request for Information to 21 defense contractors. Their objective was to create a design study for a low-cost attack aircraft designated A-X, or "Attack Experimental". The officer in charge of the project was Colonel Avery Kay.In 1969, the Secretary of the Air Force asked Pierre Sprey to write the detailed specifications for the proposed A-X project. However, his initial involvement was kept secret due to Sprey's earlier controversial involvement in the F-X project. Sprey's discussions with A-1 Skyraider pilots operating in Vietnam and analysis of the effectiveness of current aircraft used in the role indicated the ideal aircraft should have long loiter time, low-speed maneuverability, massive cannon firepower, and extreme survivability;an aircraft that had the best elements of the Ilyushin Il-2, Henschel Hs 129 and A-1 Skyraider. The specifications also demanded that the aircraft cost less than $3 million. In May 1970, the USAF issued a modified, and much more detailed request for proposals, as the threat of Soviet armored Fairchild A-10 Thunderbolt IIforces and all-weather attack operations became more serious. Now included in the requirements was that the final aircraft would be designed specifically for the GAU-8 Avenger.Six companies submitted proposals to the USAF, with Northrop and Fairchild Republic selected to build prototypes: the YA-9A and YA-10A, respectively.

The YA-10A first flew on 10 May 1972. After trials and a fly-off against the YA-9A, the Air Force selected Fairchild-Republic's YA-10A on 10 January 1973 for production. There was an additional fly-off against the Ling-Temco-Vought A-7D Corsair II, the principal Air Force attack aircraft at the time, in order to prove the need to purchase a new attack aircraft. The first production A-10 flew in October 1975, and deliveries to the Air Force commenced in March 1976 to units at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Arizona. The first squadron to use the A-10 went operational in October 1977. In total, 715 airplanes were produced, the last delivered in 1984.

One experimental two-seat A-10 Night Adverse Weather (N/AW) version was built by converting an A-10A. The Night Adverse Weather (N/AW) aircraft was developed by Fairchild from the first Demonstration Testing and Evaluation (DT&E) A-10 for consideration by the USAF. It included a second seat for a weapons system officer responsible for ECM, navigation and target acquisition. The variant was canceled and the only two-seat A-10 built now sits at Edwards Air Force Base awaiting a spot in the Flight Test Historical Foundation museum. The proposed two-seat A-10 trainer aircraft did not go into production, as it was felt that the A-10 was simple enough to fly that a trainer version would not be required.

The decision to make the 30 mm GAU-8 gun the main anti-tank weapon of the A-X was influenced by Vietnam era A-1 pilots and by Hans-Ulrich Rudel and his book, "Trotzdem" (Released in the U.S. as a substantially edited version under the name "Stuka Pilot"). In World War II, Rudel flew the Ju 87G Stuka for the Luftwaffe and destroyed many Soviet tanks using its two underwing Bordkanone BK 3.7 37 mm caliber anti-tank auto cannon. His book was required reading for members on the A-X project. The Ju 87G was an outmoded airframe with improvised anti-tank weapons attached, yet still inflicted significant casualties on Soviet tank forces.

 

 

Fairchild A-10 Thunderbolt II Sunset

 



Specifications

Fairchild A-10 Thunderbolt II 3 View Top

Length: 53 ft 4 in
Wingspan: 57 ft 6 in
Height: 14 ft 8 in
Wing area: 506 ft²
Airfoil: NACA 6716 root, NACA 6713 tip
Empty weight: 24,959 lb
Loaded weight:
Standard: 30,384 lb
On CAS mission: 47,094 lb
On anti-armor mission: 42,071 lb
Max takeoff weight: 50,000 lb
Powerplant: 2× General Electric TF34-GE-100A
turbofans, 9,065 lbf each

Performance
Never exceed speed: 518 mph, at 5,000 ft with
18 Mk 82 bombs
Maximum speed: 439 mph at sea level, clean
Cruise speed: 340 mph
Stall speed: 120 knots

Combat radius
On CAS mission: 288 mi, at 1.88 hour single-engine
loiter at 5,000 ft, 10 min combat
On anti-armor mission: 290 mi, 45 mi, sea-level p
enetration and exit, 30 min combat
Ferry range:2,580 mi, with 55 mph, headwinds,
20 minutes reserve
Service ceiling: 45,000 ft
Rate of climb: 6,000 ft/min
Wing loading: 99 lb/ft²
Thrust/weight: 0.36


Armament
Guns:
1× 30 mm (1.18 in) GAU-8/A Avenger gatling cannon
with 1,174 rounds
Hardpoints:
11 (8× under-wing and 3× under-fuselage pylon stations)
with a capacity of 16,000 lb ,with provisions
to carry combinations of:
Rockets
4× LAU-61/LAU-68 rocket pods (each with
19× / 7× Hydra 70 mm rockets, respectively)
4× LAU-5003 rocket pods (each with 19× CRV7 70 mm rockets)
6× LAU-10 rocket pods (each with 4× 127 mm (5.0 in) Zuni rockets)
Missiles
2× AIM-9 Sidewinders air-to-air missiles for self-defense
8× AGM-65 Maverick air-to-surface missiles
Bombs
Mark 80 series of unguided iron bombs or
Mk 77 incendiary bombs or
BLU-1, BLU-27/B Rockeye II, Mk20, BL-755 and
CBU-52/58/71/87/89/97 cluster bombs or
Paveway series of Laser-guided bombs or
Joint Direct Attack Munition (A-10C) or
Wind Corrected Munitions Dispenser (A-10C)
SUU-42A/A Flares/Infrared decoys and chaff dispenser pod or
AN/ALQ-131 & AN/ALQ-184 ECM pods or
Lockheed Martin Sniper XR & LITENING targeting pods (A-10C) or
2× 600 US gallon Sargent Fletcher drop tanks for extended range/loitering time.

Avionics
AN/AAS-35(V) Pave Penny laser tracker pod (mounted beneath right side of cockpit) for use with Paveway LGBs
HUD for improved technical flying and air-to-ground support.

 

Fairchild Republic A-10 Warthog
Fairchild Republic A-10 Warthog

 

Fairchild Republic A-10 Warthog
Fairchild Republic A-10 Warthog

 

Fairchild Republic A-10 Warthog

 

Fairchild A-10 Thunderbolt II
Pictured here is the GAU-8/A Avenger gatling cannon that is mounted on the front of an A-10.

 

A-10 Callout
A:Two General Electric TF34 turbofans power the A-10 and are high-mounted in pods to the rear of the aircraft to avoid debris when using rough airstrips. B: In its original 'tank-busting' role the A-10's main weapon was the General Electric GAU-8/A Avenger 30-mm seven-barrelled Gatling-type Cannon. C: For the FAC role the OA-10 carries few weapons apart from two rocket pods for target marking and AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missiles. D:The main undercarriage retracts forwards into an underwing bay. In theory, once the aircraft's weapon load has been dropped, a safe wheels up landing can be made with minimal wing damage.


A-10 Fairchild Republic Video (44 minutes long)


Fairchild Republic A-10 Warthog


Aaron Murphy's Republic Faichild A-10 Warthog Paper Model

Aarons warthog model vector drawing top view of warthog flying
Aarons warthog expanded view Aarons A-10 model bottom view
Bobs Micro A-10 in the palm of his hand

At this scale I opted out of the armament!!! Besides I'm more interested in the Aircraft.
YMP Bob

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